For most people, a beautiful smile is the most obvious benefit of orthodontic treatment. There is more to orthodontic treatment than just aesthetics.
The most important reason for orthodontic treatment is to create the proper relationship between the teeth, jaws, soft tissue and facial balance. When there is a "good bite" (ideal occlusion), the teeth are easier to brush and floss, thus reducing the incidence of tooth decay and gum disease. A balanced occlusion (bite) reduces the stress and strain placed on the teeth, gums, bones, jaw muscles and jaw joints (TMJ). This reduces excessive wear and tear of the enamel as we age and improves jaw function, reducing the incidence of jaw joint issues (TMJ dysfunction).
In some instances, poor tooth positions, crowded or missing teeth may decrease chewing efficiency and can lead to an increase in digestive problems. Imbalances between tooth position, jaw size and tongue posture can make it difficult to make some sounds properly when speaking.
Orthodontics can have a very positive and life-long impact on a patient's dental health, physical health, self-esteem and emotional well-being.